St.Barth Fauna

Terrestrial species

Mammals. Some species of terrestrial mammals, bats, exist in Saint Barthelemy, 8 of the 15 found in the French Antilles. At dusk we could see a the Lesser Antillean bat. Some bats form colonies and regroup in the caves of the cliffs, as molossian common bat somewhere in Colombier.

Birds. In the ponds of Saint Bartholomew swim ducks and coots. On its banks frolic herons and egrets. Waders frequent wetlands. Small hummingbirds foraging flowers, as the Antillean crested hummingbird.

The Bananaquit bird is present in all the Caribbean, with various subspecies. The Zenaida Dove comes to town, it is present throughout the Caribbean.

Reptiles. Red-footed tortoises is common in Saint Bartholomew. It seems that they were introduced by Native Americans until now.

Anolis lizards are only present in the New World (with 400 species). They are easy to see in Saint-Barthélemy in plants and on the walls.

A community in the Lesser Antillean iguana is located in Saint-Barthélemy. As in the rest of the Caribbean, it is threatened by the presence of the common iguana with whom he is competing for territory, food and females. Learn more about the monitoring of iguanas.

The ameivas are terrestrial lizards. One of the three ancient species found in the Caribbean is located in Saint Barth  and Sint Maarten only.

The couresses snakes are harmless. The couresse of Anguilla is also known to be present in Saint Barth. Considered as a vulnerable animal, it already disappeared from Saint-Martin.

Amphibians. Frogs occur singing every night or during rainy day. The Martinique robber frog, despite its name, is presents in the trees of Saint Barth.

Invertebrates. There are a few scorpions in Saint-Barth, the little scorpion of Saint Barth, spiders and ants, some are considered somewhat aggressive, but beware especially centipedes. There are also beautiful butterflies and dragonflies.

Snails go out by wet weather, as the impressive giant land snail.

Crabs sneak into their hole in your way, they are on coastlines, beaches or near mangroves.

Marine species

Species present in the Marine Park of Saint Barth are typical of those encountered in the Caribbean. According to current knowledge, there is not endemic marine species (that we would not find anywhere else).

Fish. 183 species have bee found in the Marine Park, thanks to scientifics studies. Studies also noted a sizable increase in the fish population since 1996 in protected areas. In the Marine Park, there are fishes you could find somewhere else in the Caribe, as French angelfish, but also rarer species elsewhere, Nassau grouper for instance. This fish is increasing in the Marine Park. Not to forget the friendly nurse-shark. Eagle rays, and long-nosed seahorse have recently been observed.

Marine mammals. 33 species inhabit or frequent the Caribbean, some are found in the waters of St. Barth.

The humpback whale is present near Saint-Barth from February to May, where it reproduces and calves.

The bottlenose dolphin. A group of some individuals seems to lie in the east of Saint-Barth. They are occasionally present in the Marine Reserve, near Turtle, Frigate, Toc Vert.

Seabirds. 14 species of seabirds nest in Saint Barth. Only three species feed in the offing, all the other benefits reserve areas.

The Bridled Tern, the Sooty Tern and Brown Noddy go on Fregate and Toc-Vert during their breeding season. And of course let’s not forget our St Barth mascot the Pelican.

Coral. Saint Barth is among the richest sites in the French West Indies, with 51 special of coral. Corals are associations of small tiny organisms that secrete a calcareous skeleton. Overall, the corals form coral reefs refuge and place of supply of a variety of animals: sponges, gorgonians, sea urchins, mollusks, crustaceans, fish …

Mollusks. 200 species around the island, including the famous Queen conch, or Lambi.

Crustaceans. 13 known species, including the spiny or rock lobster.

Sponges. are present, with 60 species identified.

Jellyfish. 27 species of jellyfish have been observed in the Marine Park.